Hello everyone, Welcome to Lingua Matik, today we’re going to talk about the Future Perfect. When do we use it and how? Let’s find out!
The Future Perfect Tense is used to express that an action in the future will be completed before another action in the future.
TO FORM THE FUTURE PERFECT
The Future Perfect tense is formed using:
– modal auxiliary ‘will’
– auxiliary ‘have’
– main verb in the ‘Past Participle’.
Let’s take a look at this timeline:
So when she arrives, in the future I will have already been full because I have already eaten lunch.
Let’s check these examples together:
- She will have cooked dinner by the time the guests arrive.
they arrive in the future: check
The dinner will be ready: check
- He will have finished his homework before bedtime.
- I will have been in Paris for 2 years by the time my contract expires.
It’s not 11:30 yet, I’m talking about when the exam will be finished in the future.
So, look at this table with the example:
- The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station at 9.15am. When you arrive, the train will have left.
The train will have left when you arrive.
|Train leaves in future at 9am.|
|You arrive in future at 9.15am.|
Look at some more examples:
- You can call me at work at 8am. I will have arrived at the office by 8.
- They will be tired when they arrive. They will not have slept for a long time.
- “Mary won’t be at home when you arrive.” / “Really? Where will she have gone?”
You can sometimes think of the Future Perfect tense like the Present Perfect tense, but instead of your viewpoint being in the present, it is in the future:
Look at these examples and try to guess what they mean exactly:
Speaker 1: The book club meets this evening. Are you ready?
Speaker 2: I will have read the book.
In this case, Speaker 2 is assuring us that he or she will finish the book before or by the time the book club meeting begins.
From these examples, we see that the future perfect tense tells us about an action that will be finished by a certain time in the future.