Learn the Difference between COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE Adjectives - Lingua Matik



Learn the Difference between COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE Adjectives


Comparative adjectives

Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared.

For example: Our house is bigger than our neighbor’s house.

The second item of comparison can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final example below).

For example: Our house is bigger than our neighbor’s.

Superlative adjectives

Superlative adjectives are used to describe an object which is at the upper or lower limit of a quality (the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). They are used in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects.

For example: Our house is the biggest in the city.

Forming regular comparatives and superlatives

Forming comparatives and superlatives is easy. The form depends on the number of syllables in the original adjective.

One-syllable Adjectives

Add -er for the comparative and –est for the superlative. If the adjective has a consonant + single vowel + consonant spelling, like big. for example. the final consonant must be doubled before adding the ending. so, it becomes bigger.

let’s see other examples:

Adjective            Comparative      Superlative

tall                             taller            tallest

fat                            fatter           fattest

big                              bigger          biggest

sad                             sadder           saddest

Two-syllables Adjectives

Adjectives with two syllables can form the comparative either by adding -er or by preceding the adjective with more. These adjectives form the superlative either by adding -est or by preceding the adjective with most. In many cases, both forms are used, although one usage will be more common than the other. If you are not sure whether a two-syllable adjective can take a comparative or superlative ending, play it safe and use more and most instead. For adjectives ending in y, change the y to an i before adding the ending.

Adjective            Comparative        Superlative

happy                  happier                   happiest

simple                simpler                    simplest

busy                      busier                     busiest

tilted                  more tilted            most tilted

Three or more syllables

Adjectives with three or more syllables form the comparative by putting more in front of the adjective, and the superlative by putting most in front.

Adjective            Comparative                      Superlative

important            more important most important

expensive           more expensive most expensive

Irregular comparatives and superlatives

These very common adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Adjective            Comparative             Superlative

good                         better                            best

bad                             worse                          worst

little                           less                                 least

much                         more                              most

far                    further / farther              furthest / farthest


Today is the worst day I’ve had in a long time.

You play tennis better than I do.

This is the least expensive sweater in the store.

This sweater is less expensive than that one.

I ran pretty far yesterday, but I ran even farther today.

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